Burichang Upazila

Burichang Upazila (comilla district) with an area of 163.76 sq km, is bounded by brahmanpara upazila on the north, comilla sadar and barura upazila on the south, Tripura State of India on the east, debidwar and chandina upazilas on the west. Main rivers are gumti, Ghungur, Titi and Pagli.

Burichang (Town) consists of one mouzas. The area of the town is 3.73 sq km. The town has a population 7762; male 52.55%, female 47.45%; population density is 2080 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 39.7%; the town has one dakbungalow.

Administration Burichang thana, now an upazila, was established in 1916. The upazila consists of 8 union parishads, 150 mouzas and 171 villages.

Archaeological heritage and relics Ranir Bangla of Rani Mainamati, wife of Raja Manik Chandra at Mainamati. Besides, many archaeological relics including image of Buddha, terracotta plucks and Buddhist relics have been discovered. These archaeological relics have great national importance of the glorious past.

Population 228479; male 51.68%, female 48.32%; Muslim 95.92%, Hindu 4.05% and others 0.03%.

Religious institutions Mosque 285, temple 21, tomb 9 and place of pilgrimage 1.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 34.3%; male 42.1%, female 25.9%. Educational institutions: college 7, high school 28, madrasa 21, government primary school 73, non-government primary school 96. Noted Educational institution: Fakir Bazar High School (1943), Burichang Ananda Pilot High School (1925), Kharataiya High School (1982), Mithilapur Government Primary School (1908) and Sreepur Senior Fazil Madrasa (1932).

Cultural organisations Rural club 42, public library 1, cinema hall 2, women's organisation 8, literary society 1, playground 18.

Main occupations Agriculture 56.64%, agricultural labourer 12.28%, wage labourer 1.86% commerce 10.23%, service 8.08%, transport 3.71% and others 7.2%.

Land use Total cultivable land 12942.53 hectares fallow land 3421.69 hectares, forestry 50.99 hectares; single crop 13.57%, double crop 74.91% and treble crop land 11.52%; cultivable land under irrigation 81.10%.

Land control Among the peasants 17% are landless, 21.50% marginal, 51% small, 10% intermediate and 0.5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.05 hectare.

Value of land The market value of the first grade land is Tk. 6000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, kaun, sugarcane, jute, sweet potato and tobacco.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 72, dairy 120, poultry 320 and hatchery 5.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca road 39 km, semi pucca 11 km, mud road 400 km; railways 10 km, railway station 1.

Traditional transport palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.

Manufactories Spinning mill 1, paper board factory 1, boiler mill 7, welding 9.

Cottage industries Weaving 127, bamboo and cane work 171, blacksmith 48, potteries 40, woodwork 106, goldsmith 7, tailoring 173 and cocoon production centre 1.

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats, bazars and fairs are 19, most noted of which are Kangshanagar, Nanuar Bazar, Saheb Bazar and Fakir Bazar; noted fairs are Mainamati Mela and Baishakhi Mela at Nanuar Bazar.

Main exports Loom cloths, potato and vegetables.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, grameen bank, proshika, Pages and Islamic Samaj Unnayan Sangstha.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6, EPI centre 192.