Homna Upazila

Homna Upazila (comilla district) with an area of 180.13 sq km, is bounded by bancharampur and araihazar upazilas on the north, daudkandi and gazaria upazilas on the south, muradnagar upazila on the east and sonargaon upazila on the west. Main river is Meghna.

Homna (Town) consists of one mouza. Its area is 2.85 sq km. the town has a population of 5999; male 52.94%, female 47.06%. Density of population is 2104. Literacy rate among the town people is 40.1%.

Administration Homna thana, now an upazila, was established in 1918. The upazila consists of 10 union parishads, 94 mouzas and 207 villages.

Archaeological heritage and relics Homna Kali Mandir.

Historical events At the end of July 1971 the Pak army tried to enter into the Joypur Village through the Titas river. The freedom fighters attacked them from both the sides of the river, which caused serious damage to the carrier motor launch. The Pak army retreated towards Machhimpur. In this encounter many soldiers of the Pak army were killed and wounded. Besides Joypur, encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held at Champak Nagar, Ghagutia, Nilokhi Bazar and Dulal Bazar. During the Liberation War about 21 freedom fighters were killed and about 24 wounded.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 1, memorial monument 1.

Population 211563; male 50.21%, female 49.79%; Muslim 93.46%, Hindu 6.32% and others 0.22%.

Religious institutions Mosque 340, temple 20, sacred place 2.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 21.9%; male 28.8% and female 14.9%. Educational institutions: college 4, high school 16, junior school 2, vocational training institute 1, madrasa 6, government primary school 83, non-government primary school 11, low cost school 14. Noted educational institutions: Joypur Government Primary School (1918), Homna Government Pilot High School (1929).

Cultural organisations Public library 2, cooperative society 238, women's society 43, Shilpakala Academy 1 and playground 10.

Main occupations Agriculture 42.40%, agricultural labourer 11.75%,wage labourer 2%, weaving 10.58%, commerce 11.17%, service 4.48%, hawker 1.29%, and others 16.33%.

Land use Total cultivable land 13612.30 hectares; fallow land 24.28 hectares; single crop 49.93%, double crop 43.07% and treble crop land 7%. Land under irrigation 6987.45 hectares.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, mustard seed, onion, garlic, sesame, chilli and musuri (pulse).

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, kaun, china and mug (pulse).

Main fruits Mango, watermelon, papaya and phuti (a variety of melon).

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 22 km, mud road 968 km; waterways 35 nautical mile.

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct).

Manufactories Rice mill 18, ice factory 15, saw mill 13 and welding 15.

Cottage industries Weaving 105, goldsmith 48, blacksmith 45, wood work 51 and tailoring 320.

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 27, most noted are Homna, Ramkrishnapur, Dulalpur, Mirash, Kashipur, Joypur, Asadpur Hat; fairs 5.

Main exports Chilli, wheat, potato, sesame, mustard seed and musuri.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, grameen bank.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 7, satellite clinic 5 and veterinary hospital 1.